Unipolar depression is the most common form of depression. It is also known as major depression or clinical depression. Unipolar depression or clinical depression is a type of mood disorder. When a person is diagnosed or treated for depression it is usually is unipolar depression. It can last from few days to a couple of weeks. Major depression creates a loss of interest in daily activities which we do happily usually. We feel emotionally low. The major depression affects a man’s personal life and his or her relationship with their dear ones. It creates a feeling of worthlessness. In this phase of life people often tries to commit suicide.
In the United States, around 3.4% of people with major depression commit suicide and up to 60% of people who commit suicide had depression or another mood disorder.
Causes of Unipolar Depression:
It is believed that chemical change in the brain causes Symptoms of depression. It can also happen due to problems of genes or it may triggers from past traumatic experiences. Unipolar depression can be brought on by various reasons:
Alcohol or drug uses: Uses of drugs such as steroids can lead you to depression. Excessive alcohol consumption also increases the risk of bipolar depression.
Certain medical condition: Medical condition such as underactive thyroid, cancer, long term pain can be the cause of unipolar depression. If a patient suffering from long term disease such as cancer then he or she can go into depression as he or she cannot see a change of recovery. Depression takes away your will to live.
Death or loss: Death and loss of near and dear ones can lead you to a depression. If you lose a person in your early age it can cause you a depression.
Lack of sleep: Insomnia is an illness which happens due to lack of sleep. Lack of sleep is a cause of depression as well as a symptom of a depression.
Stressful life events: Life events such as a severe accident can make you depressed and takes away life’s pleasure. Loss of job, divorce, problems in a relationship can also give you depression.
Abuses: Physical or sexual abuses can be a reason of depression. Physical abuses such as beaten by parents in childhood or being bullied in school by the senior can also cause you depression.
Sexual abuses such as rape in childhood or in growing years can make you conscious and fearful about your future sexual encounter and make you a patient of unipolar depression.
Genetics: Having family history of depression make you prone towards depression. Genes of the person is the reason of the reason here. Some person with the family history of depression may not have depression in his or her entire life because of the personal traits.
Symptoms of Unipolar Depression:
People may suffer from low mood. If this low phase continues for more than a couple of days then it may turn towards unipolar depression. There are few Symptoms of depression.
- Extreme sadness or low mood that lasts from couple of days to a year.
- Loss of interest in the activities that were once enjoyed.
- A sense of worthlessness, hopelessness and guilt.
- People tend to blame himself for every wrong doings in the world.
- Loss of interest in going out of the house. They usually stays fixed on the couch or watching television all day or may be doing nothing.
- Fatigue or loss of energy.
- Restless and unable to concentrate in work.
- Sudden change physical appearance.
- Loss of appetite, often weight gain or weight loss.
- They get agitated, irritated and frustrated easily and often suddenly.
- Thoughts of death and suicide.
Unipolar depression can be treated. There are two ways of treating depression. You can take medicines or behavioral therapy as advised and prescribed by the psychologists.
Most psychologists depend on antidepressants or psychotherapy. Antidepressant is the main ingredient for the treatment of Unipolar Depression. But women suffering from depression or prenatal disorder should not take antidepressant as it would harm the baby’s growth in the womb and the changes of getting pregnant in the future.
Psychotherapy is combined of interpersonal therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy proves to be useful as it helps the patient to recognize the reason of the depression.